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Subscribe to Varroc Engineering: Hem Securities Hem Securities has come out with its report on Varroc Engineering. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe " the IPO in its research report as on June 25, 2018.
Mon, 25 Jun 2018 15:17:51 +0530


Subscribe to Varroc Engineering: ICICI Direct ICICI Direct has come out with its report on Varroc Engineering. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe " the IPO in its research report as on June 22, 2018.
Mon, 25 Jun 2018 14:57:19 +0530


Varroc Engineering to open for subscription on June 26; 10 things you should know VEL will not receive any offer proceeds and all proceeds will be received by the selling shareholders
Mon, 25 Jun 2018 12:46:11 +0530


RITES IPO subscribed over 67 times on last day The share sale of the state-owned firm to raise about Rs 466 crore received bids for over 169 crore shares against the total issue size of 2.52 crore shares, resulting in a total subscription of 67.12 times, NSE data till 1945 hrs showed.
Fri, 22 Jun 2018 21:07:07 +0530


Fine Organic Industries IPO subscribed 9 times on Day 3 The IPO, to raise little over Rs 600 crore, received bids for 4,78,34,875 shares against the total issue size of 53,65,497 shares, translating into an overall subscription of 8.92 times, data available with the NSE till 1930 hrs showed.
Fri, 22 Jun 2018 20:05:13 +0530


RITES IPO: Issue subscribed over 66.5 times on Day 3 The issue received bids for 21.49 crore shares against the issue size of 2.52 crore shares, as of 2:00 PM on June 22, 2018.
Fri, 22 Jun 2018 14:26:41 +0530


Fine Organics IPO subscribed over 8.5 times on Day 3 of issue The issue received bids for 4.68 lakh shares against the issue size of 53.65 lakh crore shares, as of 4:45 PM on June 22, 2018.
Fri, 22 Jun 2018 13:32:36 +0530


Fine Organic Industries IPO subscribed 39% on second day The IPO, to raise little over Rs 600 crore, received bids for 21,10,691 shares as against the total issue size of 53,65,497 shares, data available with the NSE showed.
Thu, 21 Jun 2018 20:12:06 +0530


RITES IPO fully subscribed on Day 2 of issue; retail segment at 3.2x The issue received bids for 2.75 crore shares against the issue size of 2.52 crore shares, as of 12:45 PM on June 21, 2018. The total issue was subscribed 1.09 times.
Thu, 21 Jun 2018 13:08:31 +0530


Fine Organic Industries Rs 600cr IPO subscribed 12% on Day 1 The company raised Rs 180 crore from anchor investors.
Wed, 20 Jun 2018 17:43:47 +0530


RITES IPO subscribed 0.6 times on Day 1 Price band for the issue has been fixed at Rs 180-185.
Wed, 20 Jun 2018 17:40:56 +0530


Subscribe to RITES: Hem Securities Hem Securities has come out with its report on RITES. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe " the IPO in its research report as on June 19, 2018.
Wed, 20 Jun 2018 13:54:02 +0530


Subscribe to Fine Organics Industries Ltd: Hem Securities Hem Securities has come out with its report on Fine Organics Industries Ltd. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe " the IPO in its research report as on June 19, 2018.
Wed, 20 Jun 2018 12:45:43 +0530


RITES IPO opens: Should you subscribe to the issue? Brokerages have highlighted the strong order book, steady cash flows as well as reasonable valuations of the issue to ‘subscribe’ to the issue.
Wed, 20 Jun 2018 09:20:45 +0530


Fine Organic IPO opens: Should you subscribe? The public issue comprises of offer for sale of 76,64,994 equity shares by the promoter group selling shareholders.
Wed, 20 Jun 2018 08:27:58 +0530

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Mutual Fund

The Definition

A mutual fund is nothing more than a collection of stocks and /or bonds. You can think of a mutual fund as a company that brings together a group of people and invests their money in stocks, bonds, and other securities. Each investor owns shares, which represent a portion of the holdings of the fund.

You can make money from a mutual fund in three ways:

v Income is earned from dividends on stocks and interest on bonds. A fund pays out nearly all of the income it receives over the year to fund owners in the form of a distribution.

v If the fund sells securities that have increased in price, the fund has a capital gain. Most of the funds also pass on these gains to investors in a distribution.

v If fund holdings increase in price but are not sold by the fund manager, the fund’s shares increase in price. You can then sell your mutual fund shares for a profit.

Funds will also usually give you a choice either to receive a check for distributions or to reinvest the earnings and get more shares.

 

Advantages of Mutual Funds:

Professional Management – The primary advantage of funds is the professional management of your money. Investor purchase funds because they do not have the time or the expertise to manage their own portfolios. A mutual fund is relatively inexpensive way for a small investor to get a full-time manager to make and monitor investments.

Diversification – By owning shares in a mutual fund instead of owning individual stocks or bonds, your risk is spread out. The idea behind diversification is to invest in a large number of assets so that a loss in any particular investment is minimized by gains in others. In other words, the more stocks and bonds you own, the less any one of them can hurt you. Large mutual funds typically own hundreds of different stocks in many different industries. It wouldn’t be possible for an investor to build this kind of portfolio with a small amount of money.

Economies of Scale – Because a mutual fund buys and sells large amounts of securities at a time, its transaction costs are lower than what an individual would pay for securities transactions.

Liquidity – Just like an individual stock, a mutual fund allows you to request that your units be converted into cash at any time.

Simplicity – Buying a mutual fund is easy. Mutual fund companies own a line of schemes, and the minimum investment is small. Most companies also have automatic purchase plans whereby as little as Rs.500 can be invested on a monthly basis.

 

Mutual Funds: Different Types of Funds

No matter what type of investor you are, there is bound to be a mutual fund that fits your style. According to the last count there are more than 40 mutual funds companies in India selling more than 200 mutual fund schemes.

It’s important to understand that each mutual fund has different risks and rewards. In general, the higher the potential return, the higher the risk of loss. Although some funds are less risky than others, all mutual funds have some level of risk – it’s never possible to diversify away all risk. This is a fact for all investments.

Each fund has a predetermined investment objective that tailors the fund’s assets, regions of investments and investment strategies. At the fundamental level, there are three varieties of mutual funds:

v Equity funds (stocks)

v Fixed- income funds(bonds)

v Money market funds (T-bills, call money market)

 

All mutual funds are variations of these three asset classes. For example, while equity funds that invest in fast-growing companies are known as growth funds, equity funds that invest in companies of the same sector or region are known as specialty funds.

Let’s go over the many different flavors of funds. We’ll start with the safest and then work through to the more risky.

Money Market Funds:

The money market fund consists of short-term debt instruments, mostly treasury bills. This is a safe place to park your money. You won’t get great returns, but you won’t have to worry about losing your principal. A typical return is twice the amount you would earn in the regular checking/savings account and a little less than the average certificate of deposit (CD).

Bond/Income Funds:

Income funds are named appropriately: their purpose is to give current income on a steady basis. When referring to mutual funds, the terms “fixed-income,” “bond,” and “income” are synonymous. These terms denote funds that invest primarily in government and corporate debt. While fund holdings may appreciate in value, the primary objective of these funds is to provide a steady cash flow to investors. As such, the audience for these funds consists of conservative investors and retirees.

Bond funds are likely to pay higher returns than certificates of deposits and money market investments, but bond funds aren’t without risk. Because there are many different types of bonds, bond funds can vary dramatically depending on where they invest. For example, a fund specializing in high-yield junk bonds is much more risky than a fund that invests in government securities. Furthermore, nearly all bond funds are subject to interest rate risk, which means that if rates go up the value of the fund goes down.


Balanced Funds: 

The objective of these funds is to provide a balanced mixture of safety, income and capital appreciation. The strategy of balanced funds is to invest in a combination of fixed income and equities. A typical balanced fund might have a weighting of 60% equity and 40% fixed income. The weighting might also be restricted to a specified maximum or minimum for each asset class. 

A similar type of fund is known as an asset allocation fund. Objectives are similar to those of a balanced fund, but these kinds of funds typically do not have to hold a specified percentage of any asset class. The portfolio manager is therefore given freedom to switch the ratio of asset classes as the economy moves through the business cycle. 

 

Equity Fund:

Funds that invest in stocks represent the largest category of mutual funds. Generally, the investment objective of this class of funds is long-term capital growth with some income. There are, however, many different types of equity funds because there are many different types of equities.


The idea is to classify funds based on both the size of the companies invested in and the investment style of the manager. The term value refers to a style of investing that looks for high quality companies that are out of favour with the market. These companies are characterized by low P/E and price-to-book ratios and high dividend yields. The opposite of value is growth, which refers to companies that have had (and are expected to continue to have) strong growth in earnings, sales and cash flow. A compromise between value and growth is blend, which simply refers to companies that are neither value nor growth stocks and are classified as being somewhere in the middle. 

For example, a mutual fund that invests in large-cap companies that are in strong financial shape but have recently seen their share prices fall would be placed in the upper left quadrant of the style box (large and value). The opposite of this would be a fund that invests in start-up technology companies with excellent growth prospects. Such a mutual fund would reside in the bottom right quadrant (small and growth). 

Global/International Funds:

An international fund (or foreign fund) invests only outside your home country. Global funds invest anywhere around the world, including your home country. 

It’s tough to classify these funds as either riskier or safer than domestic investments. They do tend to be more volatile and have unique country and/or political risks. But, on the flip side, they can, as part of a well-balanced portfolio, actually reduce risk by increasing diversification. Although the world’s economies are becoming more inter-related, it is likely that another economy somewhere is outperforming the economy of your home country. 

 

Specialty Funds:

This classification of mutual funds is more of an all-encompassing category that consists of funds that have proved to be popular but don’t necessarily belong to the categories we’ve described so far. This type of mutual fund forgoes broad diversification to concentrate on a certain segment of the economy. 

Sector funds are targeted at specific sectors of the economy such as financial, technology, health, etc. Sector funds are extremely volatile. There is a greater possibility of big gains, but you have to accept that your sector may tank. 

Regional funds make it easier to focus on a specific area of the world. This may mean focusing on a region (say Latin America) or an individual country (for example, only Brazil). An advantage of these funds is that they make it easier to buy stock in foreign countries, which is otherwise difficult and expensive. Just like for sector funds, you have to accept the high risk of loss, which occurs if the region goes into a bad recession. 

Socially-responsible funds (or ethical funds) invest only in companies that meet the criteria of certain guidelines or beliefs. Most socially responsible funds don’t invest in industries such as tobacco, alcoholic beverages, weapons or nuclear power. The idea is to get a competitive performance while still maintaining a healthy conscience. 

Index Fund:

The last but certainly not the least important are index funds. This type of mutual fund replicates the performance of a broad market index such as the NIFTY 50 or BSE Sensex. An investor in an index fund figures that most managers can’t beat the market. An index fund merely replicates the market return and benefits investors in the form of low fees.